Velia is an ancient Magna Graecia city founded by the Greeks of Phocaea around 540 BC, as Phocaea was besieged by the Persians. It’s located on the southern Cilento Coast between the towns of Marina di Casalvelino and Ascea.
According to Herodotus, a Greek historian, after leaving Phocaea, they wandered at sea for 8-10 years before founding the site that is now Velia (originally named Elea).
Parmenides is one of the most well known citizens of Velia. A pre-Socratic philosopher, Parmenides was the founder of the Eleatic school of Philosophy. Only one work of Parmenides has survived in fragments – a poem called “On Nature”. In this work, Parmemides describes two views of reality; the way of truth and the way of opinion.
Velia is included in the Unesco World Heritage site of Cilento and Vallo di Diano National Park with the Archeological sites of Paestum and Velia and the Certosa di Padula.